Terrestrial broadcasting plays a significant role in TV reception… but the UHF (Ultra High Frequency) band is highly coveted by the mobile industry.
Hybrid networks could provide an answer to spectrum scarcity in the UHF band.

This report presents the most likely scenarios for the UHF band and the role of hybrid networks between now and 2025.

Table of contents

1. Executive summary

2. Methodology & definitions
2.1.General methodology of IDATE’s reports
2.2.2025 scenarios for the UHF band

3. Introduction

4. Broadcasting spectrum status
4.1.Cable is becoming the leading mode of TV access on the main TV set
4.2.Varying degrees of network digitisation
4.3.Terrestrial TV: slower rate of decline
4.4.Spectrum used by terrestrial broadcast
4.4.1.Broadcast spectrum in the USA
4.4.2.Broadcast spectrum in Europe
4.4.3.Digital Dividend(s) reduce the amount of spectrum allocated to broadcasters
4.5.Satellite TV and radio spectrum
4.5.1.L-Band (1-2 GHz)
4.5.2.S-band (2 GHz)
4.5.3.C-Band (4-8 GHz)
4.5.4.Ku and Ka bands
4.5.5.Satellite TV spectrum in Asia

5. Mobile spectrum status and future needs
5.1.On-going developments
5.1.1.At world level
5.1.2.At European level
5.2.Mobile spectrum today
5.2.1.Overview of spectrum used for mobile broadband
5.2.2.Mobile spectrum below the UHF band
5.2.3.The 700 MHz band
5.3.New frequency bands for mobile broadband
5.4.Could parts of the UHF band become new resources for mobile broadband?
5.4.1.Spectrum/mobile licences valuation
5.4.2.Supplemental Downlink (SDL)

6. Could hybrid networks solve the spectrum scarcity issue in the UHF band?
6.1.Definition of hybrid networks
6.2.Rationale for hybrid networks
6.2.1.Limits of unicast technologies – Comparing unicast and multicast/broadcast delivery
6.2.2.Why / when use broadcast?
6.3.Terrestrial broadcast technologies
6.3.1.Digital television – DVB
6.3.2.eMBMS (evolved Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast services)
6.4.Technological evolution related to video resolution
6.5.Hybrid approaches
6.5.1.Hybrid Broadcast Broadband (HBB)
6.5.2.Tower overlay
6.5.4.TDF B2M concept
6.6.Chipset and device for hybrid networks perspective
6.6.2.Antennas and band support
6.6.3.Power consumption issue
6.6.4.Set-top boxes and gateways

7. 2025 scenarios for the UHF band in Europe
7.1.Technology roadmap
7.2.Presentation of the scenarios and main assumptions
7.3.Scenario 1 – DTT keeps 470-694 MHz in Europe (‘status quo’)
7.4.Scenario 2 – Broadcast networks play a more important role towards mobile devices
7.5.Scenario 3 – UHF band mainly used by hybrid networks
7.6.Scenario 4 – UHF band used by mobile networks

8. Glossary

9. Annex: ASO (Analogue Switch-off) and DTT RoU (Rights of Use)

Geographic area

  • Australia
  • China
  • India
  • Japan
  • Austria
  • Czech Republic
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Russia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • United Kingdom
Latin America
  • Brazil
  • Chile
Middle East & Africa
  • Senegal
  • South Africa
  • United Arab Emirates
North America
  • Canada
  • United States


  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • Anatel
  • Arqiva
  • Astra
  • AT&T
  • BBC
  • Broadcom
  • BT
  • China Mobile
  • Deutsche Telekom
  • DIrecTV
  • Dish Network
  • EE
  • Ericsson
  • Eutelsat
  • FCC
  • Industry Canada
  • Inmarsat
  • Intelsat
  • Iridium
  • KDDi
  • Korea Telecom
  • KPN
  • KT
  • Lantiq
  • LightSquared
  • Mediatek
  • Netflix
  • Netgem
  • Ofcom
  • Orange
  • Qualcomm
  • Reliance
  • Samsung
  • SiriusXM
  • Smart Communications
  • Sprint (formerly Sprint Nextel)
  • Subtel
  • Taiwan Mobile
  • TDF
  • Technicolor
  • Telstra
  • TerreStar
  • Thomson
  • Thuraya
  • T-Mobile
  • TRAI
  • Verizon Wireless
  • YouTube


Executive summary

Introduction: Use of the radio spectrum below 6 GHz in Europe

1. Broadcasting spectrum status
• Terrestrial broadcasting plays a significant role in TV reception…
• …but the UHF band is coveted by the mobile industry

2. Mobile spectrum status and future needs
• LTE spectrum
• Main LTE frequency bands: FDD
• Supplemental downlink (SDL)
• Spectrum price below 1 GHz: between 40 and 80 € cents per MHz and per pop.

3. Hybrid networks could provide an answer to spectrum scarcity in the UHF band
• Hybrid networks could provide an answer to spectrum scarcity in the UHF band
• Terrestrial broadcast technologies
• eMBMS (evolved Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast services)
• Hybrid projects

4. 2025 scenarios for the UHF band in Europe
• Presentation of the scenarios and main assumptions
• Criteria presented in our scenarios
• The most likely scenario
• Conclusion and main issues

Other details

  • Reference: M14315MRA
  • Delivery: on the DigiWorld Interactive platform
  • Languages available: English
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