Summary

This study contains a survey of the digital contact tracing approaches deployed for COVID-19 all over the world via the benchmark of more than 50 countries (and more than 40 identified initiatives). It also analyses the choices made in the light of the underlying issues (technologies, data protection regulations, the role of private entities).

Table of contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Contact tracing
2.1. Traditional contact tracing
2.2. Digital contact tracing
2.3. Collective contact tracing
2.4. Contact tracing by QR Code
2.5. Contact tracing by GPS
2.6. Contact tracing by decentralised Bluetooth
2.7. Contact tracing by centralised Bluetooth
2.8. Comparison: centralised v. decentralised
2.9. The main Bluetooth protocols
2.10. Comparison: Bluetooth v GPS

3. Initiatives all over the world
3.1. Overview of digital contact tracing solutions worldwide
3.2. Overview of digital contact tracing solutions in Europe
3.3. Distribution of contact tracing solutions by technology worldwide
3.4. Distribution of contact tracing solutions by technology in Europe
3.5. Summary by technology

4. Case studies
4.1. Australia
4.2. Austria
4.3. China
4.4. France
4.5. Norway
4.6. Singapore

5. Prospects
5.1. Social limitations of digital contact tracing applications
5.2. Technological and software limitations of digital contact tracing applications
5.3. Legal and security limits of digital contact tracing applications
5.4. European exception legal framework
5.5. Acceptability of contact tracing applications
5.6. Google & Apple API: Exposure Notification

Appendices
• The European legal framework
• Synthesis of contact tracing applications by country

List of tables and figures

List of tables and figures

2. Contact tracing
• Digital contact tracing solutions
• Entities behind the digital contact tracing initiative
• Operation of collective contact tracing
• Operation of contact tracing by QR Code
• Operation of contact tracing by GPS
• Operation of contact tracing by decentralised Bluetooth
• Operation of contact tracing by centralised Bluetooth
• Comparison of centralised and decentralised Bluetooth systems
• Comparison of the main Bluetooth protocols
• Comparison: Bluetooth versus GPS

3. Initiatives all over the world
• Technology used in the projects surveyed
• Distribution of Bluetooth technology

5. Prospects
• Contact tracing adoption rate in the main countries

Geographic area

Europe
  • Austria
  • France
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Macedonia
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Russia
  • Spain
  • Switzerland
  • Turkey
  • United Kingdom
World Asia-Pacific
  • Australia
  • China
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Japan
  • Malaysia
  • New Zealand
  • Philippines
  • Singapore
  • South Korea
  • Taiwan
  • Vietnam
Middle East & Africa
  • Israel
  • Qatar
  • South Africa
  • United Arab Emirates
North America
  • United States

Other details

  • Reference: M20130MRA
  • Delivery: on the DigiWorld Interactive platform
  • Languages available: French, English
  • Tags: contact tracing, COVID-19

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Covid-19 contact tracing applications

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